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Today in this ever-connected world, the internet and its connected devices are scaling and growing at a rapid rate. In order to keep up with these rapid transformations, different languages are being introduced in the market according to different needs.
Programming languages are the integral parts of building software products as well as everything that comes under the computer world. Using programming languages, developers can command computers to perform specific tasks based on inputs and provide results as expected.
Programming languages are the gateway to make computers and devices work as per our needs. You can code a software piece that will continuously track the activity of your employees using programming languages, as well as you can also develop software for the company’s internal use that can ease daily tasks and remove cumbersome processes.
There are thousands of programming languages that are well defined and work very well. But today we are going to have a look at two of the most popular modern high-level programming languages. Yes, we are today going to do a deep dive into Python and Golang programming languages and also explore the differences that make them both unique in their applications.
Brief Introduction to Languages
Python was created by Guido van Rossum in 1991. The primary objective of the production of the Python language was to upgrade code lucidness. While most programming languages have a strict policy that should be followed while coding in that language, python is generally more straightforward. The code in python language is more clear and easy to understand and it tends to be seen without any problem.
Go is a statically-composed and compiled language created at Google. It was created in the year 2007 by Ken Thompson alongside the assistance of Rob Pike and Robert Griesemer.
Golang has a place with the C-programming language family. During the development of Golang, it was kept in mind that the clarity of code should be improved. Golang upholds simultaneous programming by utilizing goroutines, channels, and so forth. It also has a garbage collection & management system, which gathers unused memory consequently to maintain a safe distance from memory leaks inside your application. This makes Golang an ideal decision among engineers for server-side processing.
As we now have a brief understanding regarding both the programming languages, let us now take a deep dive into what makes these two languages different from one another.
While the development of Python, speed was not the main purpose of its development, hence it is a little bit slow compared to Golang. Golang beats Python in terms of performance on almost all fronts.
Golang has been beating Python because of one main great reason: Golang is statically typed whereas Python is a dynamically typed programming language. Also remember, Python is an interpreted language, whereas Golang is a compiled language. The execution of programs of interpreted languages is done line by line. Whereas execution of compiled languages is done in blocks, which makes them perform faster.
Python is a general-purpose language, which means that you can do all sorts of programming using python language whether it’s the development of web apps, machine learning models, AI software, or games. Python language has tons of libraries that Python Development Companies use. . It also has great support for making all sorts of work easy.
Using python and its libraries like matplotlib, you can draw out intuitive graphs and charts that can be used to make important business decisions.
Golang is around one and half a decade younger than Python and this clearly suffices for lesser libraries in Golang. Golang is more focused on server-side computing and backend technologies, hence it has lesser available libraries.
Moreover, Golang also has less community support because it being relatively younger in the market. Python is fully-developed and is also backed by a great community of programmers.
Python has inbuilt error handling functions, which do all the work automatically. Whereas in Golang, the language requires you to check errors in your programs on your own, wherever they ought to occur.
Using python for development, you’ll also get benefits regarding IDE support, as most IDEs possess extensions for working with the Python language. Whereas Golang being relatively new, hasn’t got great support from all IDEs.
There are some IDEs that help you to highlight errors but they aren’t as powerful as Python’s error handling techniques. This completely highlights the fact that Golang is the language for senior and experienced developers who are well versed with programming.
Whereas Python is a beginner-friendly language and it will show you errors in your code more easily, which is a great benefit while starting out programming.
In today’s modern world, making applications and software that are easily scalable are really important. Scalable applications allow you to make changes to your software according to the growth in its usage.
The main aim behind the development of Golang was to build a server-side programming language that overcomes almost all disadvantages of existing languages. Golang was developed to tackle scalability problems which are as complicated as Google servers.
No other company in the world will have scalability problems as big as google, and to overcome these problems, Golang was developed in-house and shipped as an open-source programming language.
Golang helps ease scalability by one of its core features, which is concurrent processing. In this, the language can work on one or more tasks simultaneously. This means that the language can accomplish more tasks in lesser time as compared to python, as python just supports parallel processing.
Parallel processing means that a language can simultaneously work on different parts of the same task. This is completely different than concurrent processing.
Due to a great number of libraries, Python can be used in many development fields like software, web development, AI, machine learning development, and much more.
Using data-specific libraries, you can build great products infused with data. Python is the ideal choice when you want to develop data-centric applications. You can use frameworks like Django or Flask in order to develop websites and web apps. Django is used for developing highly secure web apps.
Due to its powerful concurrent processing functionality, Golang is mostly used in large and complicated systems development. Golang is the language for the future and hence it is heavily used in cloud computing too. Because Golang being a superfast and high-performing language, it is definitely going to succeed in the near future, as the demand for superfast computing is increasing heavily and only Golang seems to perform exceptionally.
As we say, every language is best at what it’s used at. This is the case for Golang and Python too. If you want to develop large and complicated systems, cloud computing software, or you just want to develop server-side applications that are really easy to scale, then Golang should be your favorite choice. If your goal is to develop futuristic applications and software that is heavily data-centric and also uses AI and Machine learning as well, then Python is your go-to choice.